Volume 3, Issue 3 (2019)                   SJRM 2019, 3(3): 105-109 | Back to browse issues page

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Karimzadeh R, Rahnama N. Comparison of the Effect of Eight Weeks of Aqua Gymnastics, Kegel, and Combined Exercises on Low Back Pain in Primiparous Pregnant Women. SJRM. 2019; 3 (3) :105-109
URL: http://saremjrm.com/article-1-95-en.html
1- Human Sciences Department, Physical Education & Sport Sciences Faculty, Isfahan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan, Iran , raziehkarimzadeh@gmail.com
2- Human Sciences Department, Physical Education and Sports Science Faculty, Isfahan University, Isfahan, Iran
Abstract:   (182 Views)
Aims: As one of the most common postpartum pregnancy complications with a prevalence of 50-90%, low back pain can have disturbing psychiatric effects. The aim of the present study was to investigate the comparison of the effect of eight weeks of aqua gymnastics, kegel, and combined exercises on low back pain in primiparous pregnant women.
Materials & Methods: In this semi-experimental study with pre-test post-test design with control group conducted in 2016, 60 primiparous pregnant women aged 25-40 years in the second trimester of pregnancy (45 individuals in 3 experimental groups each conaining 15 and 15 individuals in control group) were selected by purposive sampling method. The first and third groups performed aqua gymnastics and combined exercises at Sarem Hospital and the second group performed kegel exercises on mehrab-e-Esgh Yoga Professional Institute for 8 weeks. The Visual Acuity Scale (VAS) was used in pre-test and post-test. The data were analyzed by SPSS 20, using one-way ANOVA and LSD post hoc test.
Findings: There was a significant difference between the mean score of pain in the studied groups and the mean scores of low back pain after exercise were significantly decreased in 3 experimental groups, which was a significant decrease in the combined exercise group (p<0.05).
Conclusion: Aqua gymnastics, kegel, and combined exercises after 8 weeks are effective in reducing low back pain in primiparous pregnant women, but combined exercises have a more significant effect than aqua gymnastics and kegel exercises.
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Article Type: Brief Communication | Subject: Reproduction
Received: 2017/08/28 | Accepted: 2018/05/7 | Published: 2019/04/29

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