Volume 3, Issue 2 (2018)                   SJRM 2018, 3(2): 111-119 | Back to browse issues page


XML Persian Abstract Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Karimian A. Foundation of Midwifery Schools as the First Step in the Midwifery Education in Iran (1916-1928). SJRM. 2018; 3 (2) :111-119
URL: http://saremjrm.com/article-1-67-en.html
Governmental Management Training Center, Tehran, Iran , ali_karimiyan_2011@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (2977 Views)

Introduction: Before foundation of the midwifery school, there was no classical education on midwifery and only traditional midwives undertook this responsibility. The lack of knowledge in this field led to the high rate of maternal and neonatal mortality. The aim of this study was to explore a historical period of midwifery education, in which the maternal and neonatal mortality rate decreased. Lack of exploration on the history of midwifery education in Iran and lack of information about its process are the deficits of Iranian medical history. In order to achieve the historical evidence on the midwifery history in Iran, the documents of formal midwifery education available at the National Library and Archives Organization of Iran were reviewed.
Conclusion: Midwifery in Iran was performed traditionally and based on the personal experiences of people up to 1919. In this year, Mirza Ahmad Khan Nassiroddowleh, the Minister of Education, ordered that the French high school for girls called "Franco-Prussian" be changed to "Dar-Al-Moallemat" and 10 students of the high school go to the womenchr('39')s hospital 3 days a week to study midwifery and gynecological diseases. Dr. Mathilde Dremps was recruited as a gynecologist to teach them; thus, the midwifery school was founded. After that, even the traditional midwives were requested to pass the exams.

Full-Text [PDF 660 kb]   (750 Downloads) |   |   Full-Text (HTML)  (733 Views)  
Article Type: Historical Research | Subject: Reproduction
Received: 2017/02/25 | Accepted: 2017/06/22 | Published: 2018/08/23

References
1. Torabi Farsani S. Some documents from girl's school, from constitution to Pahlavi dynasty. Tehran: National Library and Archives of Iran; 2008. p.227. [Persian] [Link]
2. National Library and Archives of Iran. Accession No 24095867. Tehran: National Library and Archives of Iran. [Persian]
3. Official gazette of the Islamic Republic of Iran. Set of rules and regulations Constitutional Era (1906-1920). Tehran: Official gazette of the Islamic Republic of Iran; 252 p. [Persian] [Link]
4. National Library and Archives of Iran. Accession No 297015022. Tehran: National Library and Archives of Iran. [Persian]
5. National Library and Archives of Iran. Accession No 297022823. Tehran: National Library and Archives of Iran. [Persian]
6. National Library and Archives of Iran. Accession No 297015021. Tehran: National Library and Archives of Iran. [Persian]
7. Etelaat Institution. 28 thousands days history of Iran and world. Tehran: Etelaat Newspaper; 1976. [Persian] [Link]
8. Mahboobi Ardekani H. History of new civilization institutions in Iran. Tehran: Tehran university press; 1991. 416-7 p. [Persian] [Link]
9. Roshdieh S. Life events. Tehran: Tarikhe Iran; 1983. 148 p. [Persian] [Link]
10. Yaghmaei E. Iran's Minister of science and education and culture. Tehran: Tehran university press; 1996. 499 p. [Persian] [Link]
11. National Library and Archives of Iran. Accession No 103004. Tehran: National Library and Archives of Iran. [Persian]
12. National Library and Archives of Iran. Accession No 297343336. Tehran: National Library and Archives of Iran. [Persian]
13. Tehran university. Medical School, pharmaceutical, dental, hospital and related educational institutions Guide. Tehran: Tehran university press; 1953. [Persian]
14. Ayati A. Preconditions for the Qajar dynasty and coronation of Reza Khan Pahlavi. Inst Iran contemp hist stud. 2004;8(29):41. [Persian] [Link]
15. National Library and Archives of Iran. Accession No 29730946. Tehran: National Library and Archives of Iran. [Persian]
16. Ghasemi F. salnameye Pars. Tehran: Amirkabir publication;2004. 92p. [Persian] [Link]
17. National Library and Archives of Iran. Accession No 29722828. Tehran: National Library and Archives of Iran. [Persian]
18. National Library and Archives of Iran. Accession No 29728655. Tehran: National Library and Archives of Iran. [Persian]
19. National Library and Archives of Iran. Accession No 29727349. Tehran: National Library and Archives of Iran. [Persian]
20. Karimian A. Medicine in History. Payame Mehr. 2066(8):14-5. [Persian]
21. National Library and Archives of Iran. Accession No 297039954. Tehran: National Library and Archives of Iran. [Persian]
22. National Library and Archives of Iran. Accession No 52001. Tehran: National Library and Archives of Iran. [Persian]
23. Hekmat A. Ministry of Education, Iranshahr. Tehran: National Commission of UNESCO; 1343. p. 1406. [Persian] [Link]
24. National Library and Archives of Iran. Accession No 29727342. Tehran: National Library and Archives of Iran. [Persian]
25. National Library and Archives of Iran. Accession No 2974685. Tehran: National Library and Archives of Iran. [Persian]
26. National Library and Archives of Iran. Accession No 29715037. Tehran: National Library and Archives of Iran. [Persian]
27. National Library and Archives of Iran. Accession No 29736114. Tehran: National Library and Archives of Iran. [Persian]

Send email to the article author


© 2021 All Rights Reserved | Sarem Journal of Reproductive Medicine

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb