Volume 4, Issue 1 (2020)                   SJRM 2020, 4(1): 2-2 | Back to browse issues page

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Zandi F. Evaluation of prevalence of symptoms, clinical and paraclinical finding in ultrasound and fertility outcomes in patients with PCO. SJRM. 2020; 4 (1) :2-2
URL: http://saremjrm.com/article-1-140-en.html
Sarem women's hospitals , zandi.farahnaz@gmail.com
Abstract:   (310 Views)
Intruduction: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), as a polygenic multifactorial disorder, encompasses a wide range of women of reproductive age. The first classic definition of polycystic ovary syndrome by Stein and Leventhal (1953) included ovaries, menstrual disorders, infertility and hirsutism.
Today, the definition of polycystic ovarian syndrome includes a wide range of signs and symptoms such as Ultrasound features of ovaries, ovarian factor infertility, hyperandrogenism, obesity and insulin resistance, that each of these disorders cause to various symptoms and manifestations. The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence of PCO based on clinical signs and ultrasound examination and their pregnancy outcomes.
Materials and methods: This is a retrospective cross-sectional study which was conducted on 259 patients referred to infertility clinic of Sarem Hospital from 1395 to 1397. The records of patients who met two criteria of the main three criteria of Rotterdam were included in this study.
Results: According to the findings, (62/2%) of participants, were diagnosed to have PCO in ultrasonography findings and (38/7%) of them, had hirsutism symptoms in clinical examinations and only (2.4%) of this participants, had acne symptoms. (56.9%) had no menstrual disorders and had regular cycles. The results showed that BMI, LH, FSH, AMH and age had a significant relationship with the ultrasound scan of the PCO (Pvalue <0.05) but TSH, insulin, and 2hpp insulin did not have a significant relationship with the ultrasound scan of the PCO. 
From (62.2%) of the patients with positive sonography of the PCO, their pregnancy test was positive and 14/7% of  them, their clinical pregnancy was positive and only 7/4%  of them,  had  lead the birth of a newborn.

Conclusion: Polycystic ovarian syndrome is a multifactorial disorder which has a wide range of clinical and biochemical complications and symptoms, so that needs more research in the world to achieve a comprehensive definition. 
Full-Text [DOCX 86 kb]   (11 Downloads)    
Article Type: Brief Communication | Subject: Reproduction
Received: 2019/02/27 | Accepted: 2019/07/25 | Published: 2020/03/27

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