Volume 6, Issue 2 (2021)                   SJMR 2021, 6(2): 75-84 | Back to browse issues page

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Behjati M, Nejati M. The role of climate as a risk factor for cardiovascular disease. SJMR 2021; 6 (2) :75-84
URL: http://saremjrm.com/article-1-210-en.html
1- hocardiography research center, Rajaei Cardiovascular Medical and Research center, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2- Anatomical Sciences Research Center, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran
Abstract:   (866 Views)
Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are the leading cause of death worldwide. The impacts of climatological conditions on CVD, as a predisposing factor, have been less investigated. Adverse weather conditions such as excessive cold and heat as well as extreme humidity increase the morbidity and mortality of this disease.  Extreme temperature is more dangerous than mild temperature alterations in the winter or summer season. Furthermore, seasonal sudden changes in climate would affect cardiovascular health. Extreme heat, prolonged exposure to the Sun, and cold nights in regions with extreme climates would lead to increased prevalence and progression of CVD. Although, the impact of extreme alteration of temperature on other cardiovascular risk factors is not well known; but, extreme heat, more exposure to the sun, and cold nights in areas with unfavorable weather conditions increase the prevalence and progression of CVD. Therefore, identification of CVD risk factors in these mentioned regions could be helpful for applying better preventive and therapeutic strategies. Global earth warming resulted in significant climatological conditions which could alter the pattern of climate-related CVD. Thus, save the earth to save the hearts. The aim of this study was the evaluation of climate role as a risk factor for cardiovascular disease.
Article number: 2
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Article Type: Analytical Review | Subject: Health and safety
Received: 2021/07/21 | Accepted: 2021/12/21 | Published: 2021/12/21

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