Volume 5, Issue 4 (2020)                   SJMR 2020, 5(4): 205-211 | Back to browse issues page

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Hosseini ‌, Akbari H, bahrami A, Karamali F. The Evaluation of Relationship Between Dimensions of Organizational Structure and Safety and Health Situation in Stone Industries. SJMR. 2020; 5 (4) :205-211
URL: http://saremjrm.com/article-1-204-en.html
1- Department of health, Safety and Environment Management, School of Health, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran
2- Assistant Professor of Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran.
3- Social Determinants of Health (SDH) Research Center, Faculty of Health, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran , bahrami_a@kaums.ac.ir
4- Department of health, Safety and Environment Management, School of Health, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran.
Abstract:   (44 Views)
Introduction & Objective: Organizational factors are one of the main causes of unsafe practices and inappropriate conditions of working environment. Where a technical defect or a simple human error alone cannot be used as an explanation for the occurrence of accidents. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between organizational structure dimensions and safety and health status in stone industries.
Methods: This descriptive study was performed in stone industry factories of Mahmoud Abad industrial town of Isfahan in year 2020. For data collection, it used Robins organizational structure standard questionnaire and ELMERI safety and health checklist. The sample size consisted of 90 stone factories. After collecting information, the score of each questionnaire was calculated and converted on the basis of 100. For quantitative variables, independent t-test and ANOVA tests were used. Chi-square test was used for qualitative variables. For multivariate analysis, multiple linear regression analysis was carried out.
Results: The coefficient of linear correlation between overall score of organizational structure with safety situation for Saab and Ghulebor stations were -0.348 and -0. 232 (P<0.05), respectively.  At Saab station, the highest number of cases was related to safe behaviors with an average of 74.4 and the lowest was industrial health with an average of 45.8. At Ghulebor station, score of 65.6 was related to fire safety and first aid, industrial health had a score of 45.8. The highest linear correlation at Ghulebor and Saab station was between safety and health with recognition (-0.531) (-0.626).
Conclusion: The results of the present study showed safety and health can be improved by modifying the organizational structure. Organizations with horizontal and vertical complexity, focus, instructions, formal correspondence, rules and regulations have a greater impact on safety and health status.
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Article Type: Original Research | Subject: Health and safety
Received: 2021/09/23 | Accepted: 2021/09/23 | Published: 2021/09/23

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